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Job's History and Family

For the record, I have not written any of this information. I am pasting it here in one place to get back to it easier. I am doing research on Job. The Following Excerpts are the most exhaustive study I've seen of Job so far in my research and I believe this author(s) are on the right track in some of their assumptions.

Please see the links provided to find their full study.

Job's father is Issachar, whose father is Jacob/Israel (Job's grandfather), whose father is Issac (Job's Great Grandfather), whose father is Abraham (Jobs Great Great Grandfather).

Genesis 46:8-18 (King James Version)

8 And these are the names of the children of Israel, which came into Egypt, Jacob and his sons: Reuben, Jacob's firstborn. 9 And the sons of Reuben; Hanoch, and Phallu, and Hezron, and Carmi. 10 And the sons of Simeon; Jemuel, and Jamin, and Ohad, and Jachin, and Zohar, and Shaul the son of a Canaanitish woman. 11 And the sons of Levi; Gershon, Kohath, and Merari. 12 And the sons of Judah; Er, and Onan, and Shelah, and Pharez, and Zerah: but Er and Onan died in the land of Canaan. And the sons of Pharez were Hezron and Hamul. 13 And the sons of Issachar; Tola, and Phuvah, and Job, and Shimron. 14 And the sons of Zebulun; Sered, and Elon, and Jahleel. 15 These be the sons of Leah, which she bare unto Jacob in Padanaram, with his daughter Dinah: all the souls of his sons and his daughters were thirty and three. 16 And the sons of Gad; Ziphion, and Haggi, Shuni, and Ezbon, Eri, and Arodi, and Areli. 17 And the sons of Asher; Jimnah, and Ishuah, and Isui, and Beriah, and Serah their sister: and the sons of Beriah; Heber, and Malchiel. 18 These are the sons of Zilpah, whom Laban gave to Leah his daughter, and these she bare unto Jacob, even sixteen souls. 

http://jandyongenesis.blogspot.com/2010/09/righteous-job-and-his-kin.html

Sunday, September 26, 2010


Righteous Job and His Kin


Alice C. Linsley


Job is a difficult book to classify. Job is regarded as a prophet but his book is not like the books of the Prophets. Job is often classified as a wisdom literature, but unlike other books of wisdom it is about an historical debate and involves historical persons. The debate probably dates to a later time than Job and his friends actually lived. The author ridicules Job's friends as people from the desolate wilderness who live in the clefts of the valleys and in the caves. They are portrayed as donkeys braying among the bushes (Job 30:3-7). This is not how Job himself would have regarded his kin. We can be fairly certain that the author of Job was not someone who lived in Arabia or even in that part of Canaan that was Horite territory.

The first two chapters of Job provide a clue as to when the author lived. Here we find a picture of Satan as a "son of God" who has the power to accuse. This suggests an author from the Persian Period, writing long after the time that Job, Eliphaz, Bildad, Zophar and Elihu would have lived. Satan as the accuser was a favorite theme of that period.

Job reasons that God is not as his friends describe Him. In fact, a close reading of Job will dispel most notions of God, whether ancient or modern. God is not cruel like the pagan gods. God is not impersonal as conceived by the Deists. God is not deceived, as sinners hope. God is not blind to the suffering and death of the righteous. He recognized the blood of Abel which cried to Him from the ground and He knows of every tear and drop of blood shed by His righteous ones. Nor is God the Divine Arbitrator of karma as in Hinduism and Buddhism.

Yet Job never claims to know God's mind. For the righteous, suffering gives way to contemplating the "secret councils of God" (Job 15:8) and to prayer that we might not experience the second death of which Baruch 2:17 speaks: "The dead who are in the graves, whose souls [ka] are taken from their bodies, will give unto the Lord neither praise nor righteousness." Abraham's people believed that the soul and the body must stay joined after death to enjoy eternal life. This is Job's last hope. He proclaims that "I have a living Defender and that he will rise up last [as Job's final witness] on the dust of the earth. After my awakening, he will set me close to him, and from my flesh I shall look on God. He whom I shall see with take my part; my eyes will be gazing on no stranger." (Job 19:25-27 NJB) In Job 13:16, Job declares that his trust in God as his salvation (Yeshua = Jesus) will never be destroyed. Job comes to this in his suffering, but his friends are not suffering. For them this life is good and Job's suffering can only be explained has having lost God's favor. They said the same about Jesus in His passion.

Eliphaz was a descendant of Teman, one of Esau's sons (Gen. 36). The Temanites were known for their wisdom. Jeremiah 49 links the Temanites with the Dedanites. According to Genesis 10:7 and Genesis 25:3, Dedan was descended from Kush and from Abraham by his cousin wife, Keturah. Dedan's father was Abraham's first-born son Joktan. Dedan's brother was Sheba the Younger. Isaiah 21:13 alludes to the "caravans of Dedanites" in Arabia, and Ezekiel 27:20 speaks of Dedan as supplying Tyre with precious things. Dedan is associated with Uz in the hill country of Edom, Job's homeland. This is Uz the Elder, son of Nahor, whose grandson (by his daughter) was Uz the son of Dishan (I Chron. 1:42). Dishan was a son of Seir the Horite. Uz the Younger was Seir's grandson. Here is Seir's Horite family:








So we know that Job had Horite blood. The Horites were devotees of Horus who was called "the son of God" and "Horus of 2 Crowns". Uz, Buz and Huz represent a 3-clan Horite confederation based on kinship.

The trial of Job in which Satan acts as the accuser parallels Zechariah 3:2-6 where Satan accuses the High Priest Joshua (Yeshua). In that trial God acquits Joshua and commands that he be clothed in clean garments and crowned with 2 crowns (ataroth). This points to Jesus who as the Son of God would wear 2 crowns according to Horite belief.

The Horite confederation is not identified as Uz, Huz and Buz, but rather as Dedan, Tema and Buz. The oldest Arabic script emanated from the North Arabian oases of Tema and Dedan in the Hijaz. Tema is known by Arabs as Taima and lies about 70 miles north-east of Dedan. Tema, Dedan and Dumah were caravan stops along the trade route from Sheba to Babylon. The Dedanites were famous for mining.

Job's kin shared appearance and life style. They dwelt in hills and built shrines in caves (such as at Petra) and the men shaved their heads (Jeremiah 25:23), as did Horite priests. This suggests that this was a confederation of Horite priestly families. Genesis 36 confirms this, listing Uz's grandson Dedan as a Horite ruler. Here we also find reference to Huz or Husham of the land of Tema (Gen. 36:34).

Bildah the "Shuhite" was a descendant of Abraham's son Shuah (Gen. 25:2). Zophar the "Naamathite" was a descendent of Naamah, the daughter of Lamech (Gen. 4:22) who married her patrilineal cousin Methuselah (Gen. 5:25).

The last of Job's kin to speak is the young man Elihu. The name Elihu, which appears only in Job, is a priestly name. In Strong's Concordance Elihu is said to mean "He is my God". However, it is more likely that the name relates to God's Word since El refers to God and Hu was the ancient Egyptian/Horite word for the divine Word that overcomes chaos. This fits the context of the book of Job.

Elihu is of the clan of Buz. I Chronicles 5:14 tells us that the son of Buz was Jahdo and Jahdo's son was Yeshishai, the Aramaic form of Yeshua/Jesus. Elihu is the mysterious figure whose speeches fill the last chapters of the book of Job. He was likely the brother-in-law of Judah's grandson Hezron. This suggests that Elihu lived with his father Barachel in Buz but was Ram's heir. Ram was his maternal grandfather and the high priest. (Ram means "high.") This means that Elihu was a ruler-priest and an ancestor of David. It is Elihu who takes us beyond the wisdom of Eliphaz, Bildad and Zophar. He moves us from the retributive justice of Job's 3 friends to the reality that "God is greater than any human beieng. Why then quarrel with Him for not replying to you word for word? God speaks first one way and then in another, although we do not realise it." (Job 33:12-14NJB) Elihu's 230 line discourse elaborates and illustrates how this is true.

Job and all his friends are descendants of Enoch, a man who is commended for his faith in Hebrews 11: 6. Each had his own answer to why Job ws suffering, but only the suffering Job glimpsed something of the mystery of God's counsel. As a man of faith, Job remembers that "God watched over me" (Job 29:2) and that "the friendly counsel of God was over my tent" (29:4), and this sustains him in his suffering. Those who accuse him are his own kin, as was true with our Lord Jesus. Their accusations are the same as those used by the Jewish rulers to accuse Jesus, the Righteous One.

The central message of Job is to remember God at all times, even as we hope to be remembered in the eternal Kingdom. It is to love God whether enjoying life or afflicted, and to look to Jesus Christ, the Author and Finisher of our faith. In this sense, Job is a prophetic book which presents wisdom of the deepest kind. Patrick Henry Reardon recognizes that Job moves toward the "Bible's apocalytic principle", that is to say, "More is happening than seems to be happening." (The Trial of Job, p. 46).


http://www.biblicalfulfillment.org/id81.html

The first chapter states him to have lived in the land of Uz {or Uts}, and in view of ancient history and Biblical evidence, I believe this place to have been located in Arabia of Petraea, on a line between Egypt and Philistia, surrounded by Kedar, Teman and Midan, all of which were districts of Arabia; situated in Idumea, the land of Edom, or Esau; and comprising a large part of it, that Idumea and Ausitis, or the land of Uz, and the land of Edom, were convertible terms, and equally employed to import the same region. Thus Lam. 4:21-22, states “Rejoice and be glad ye daughters of Edom who dwells in the land of Uz, but the cup will come around to you as well, you will become drunk and make your self naked. O daughter of Zion.” Who would have thought that the Church of Christ would have been among such wicked nations? The symbolic word “Zion” has always been recognized as the Church of Christ, or the heavenly Jerusalem. Britannica World Language Dictionary, page 1520.
This helps us to better understand the faith of Job, and of his worship to God. Nothing is clearer than that all persons introduced into this work were Idumeans, dwelling in Idumea; or in other words Edomite Arabs. The persons are Job himself dwelling in the land of Uz; Eliphaz of Teman, a district of Arabia, in view of Ezek. 25:13; Amos 1:11, 12, and Obidah 8:9; Jer. 49:7-20 Teman was a principle part of Idumea. Eliphaz the son of Esau Gen. 36:10 Bildad the Shuah, are always mentioned in connection with Sheba and Dedan, all of them being placed in the vicinity of Idumea. Zophar of Naamah, a city whose name is mentioned in Joshua 15:21-41, and shows it to have been situated in Idumea, and to have lain in a southern direction towards its coast, or the shores of the Red Sea. Elihu of Buz, a name which occurs only once in the sacred Scriptures, but where in Jeremiah 25:22 are mentioned in connection with Teman and Dedan; like themselves a border city called Horitis, Uz, or Idumea, it had a number of names; it was first called Horitis, from the Horites who appear to have first settled there, among these the most distinguished was Seir; and from him the land was known by the name of the land of Seir. The chief had numerious family, and among the most distinguished of his grandsons were Uz, or Uts; and from him, not from the Uz of Nahor the land was called Ausitis, or the land of Uz, the family of Hor, Seir and Uz were at length disposed of the entire region by Esau, or Edom; who strengthened himself by his marriage to the daughter of Ishmael, Gen. 28:9, and the conquered territory was called Idumea, or the land of Edom. I think this to be conclusive as to the country of Job and his friends.
It is reasonable in view of historical, and Biblical evidence given above to assume that the two Job’s mentioned in some history are one and the same person. Since Esau conquered the land of Arabia, and the land was called Edom, and since Eliphaz was the son of Easu, and a cousin to Job, it is most likely the same Eliphaz from Teman, a province of Arabia.
Bildad the Shuhite, also inhabited a province of Aribia, this nation of people which inhabited this province began with the children of Abraham’s last wife Gen. 25:1-6, and later called Edom when Esau the son of Jacob conquered it. Is important at this point to fully understand that the people of this particular area were closely related to Abraham. Ishmael was given this land by God Gen. 21:14-21, and through his seed great nations arose. Esau the grandson of Abraham conquered this land from the children of his grandfather Abraham, and married the daughter, or granddaughter of Ishmael.
According to Joshua, Naamah was located between the land of Judah, and that of Edom. As to Zophar nothing more are known, other than that which are recorded in the book of Job.


http://jandyongenesis.blogspot.com/2010/06/horite-confederation-of-uz-buz-and-huz.html

Monday, June 14, 2010


The Horite Confederation of Uz, Buz and Huz

Alice C. Linsley

Dedan: Horite Territory at the heart of Eden



According to Genesis 10:7 and Genesis 25:3, Dedan was descended from Kush and from Abraham by his cousin wife, Keturah. Dedan's father was Abraham's first-born son Joktan.  Dedan's brother was Sheba the Younger. Diagrammed, Dedan's immediate family looks like this:


                                                              Abraham ∆ = O Keturah
                                                                             Joktan
                                                                         O = ∆ = O
                                                                 Dedan ∆     ∆ Sheba the Younger


Isaiah 21:13 alludes to the "caravans of Dedanites" in Arabia, and Ezekiel 27:20 speaks of Dedan as supplying Tyre with precious things. Dedan is associated with Uz in the hill country of Edom. Uz was the homeland of Job. One of Job's inquisitors, Elihu, was a descendent of Nahor by Buz.  Buz and Uz were Nahor's sons by Milcah (Gen. 22:20). This is Uz the Elder whose grandson (by his daughter) was Uz the son of Dishan (I Chron. 1:42). Dishan was a son of Seir the Horite and the brother-in-law of Esau the Younger. Uz the Younger was Seir's grandson. Here is Seir's Horite family:


When there are two names that are very close, there is usually a third,  That third is Huz, so that Uz, Buz and Huz represent another 3-part confederation based on kinship.  I Chronicles 5:14 mentions that the son of Buz was Jahdo and Jahdo's son was Yeshishai, the Aramaic form of Yeshua/Jesus.  This connects the name of Jesus with the devotees of Horus, who was called "Son of God".

Buz is related to Uz and is grouped with the peoples of Dedan and Tema in Jeremiah 25. This is probably why this Horite confederation is not identified as Uz, Huz and Buz, but rather as Dedan, Tema and Buz. The oldest Arabic script emanated from the Afro-Arabian oases of Tema and Dedan in the Hijaz. Tema is known by Arabs as Taima and lies about 70 miles north-east of Dedan. Tema, Dedan and Dumah were caravan stops along the trade route from Babylon to Sheba.

These peoples shared appearance and life style. They dwelt in hills and built shrines in caves (such as seen at Petra) and the men shaved their heads (Jeremiah 25:23), as did Horite priests. This suggests that this was a confederation of Horite priestly families.  Genesis 36 confirms this, listing Uz's grandson Dedan as a Horite ruler.  Here we also find reference to Huz or Husham of the land of Tema (Gen. 36:34).

Other 3-part familial confederations are suggested by the names Sab-tah (Gen. 10:6) and Sab-teca (Gen. 10:7), and Le-hab (Gen. 10:13), Le-sha (Gen. 10:19) and Le-tu (Gen. 25:3). Letu was an eighth generation descendent of Noah through his sons Shem and Ham whose lines intermarried.

The prominence of the Horites is attested by the detail of the geneological information provided in Genesis 36 and I Chronicles 1. Here we discover that a people that have been regarded as tangentially related to Abraham were in fact Abraham's people. Isaac married Horite brides. Rebekah (his cousin bride) was a descedent of Na'Hor and Terah, and his half-sister bride (living in Beersheba) was a descendant of Sheba. Jacob also married Horite brides in Rachel and Leah, both descendants of Na'Hor and Terah. Genesis 36 tells us that Esau the Younger married a Oholibamah.


Related reading:  Abraham and Job: Horite Rulers; Abraham's Nephews and Niece; Who Were the Horites?

http://jandyongenesis.blogspot.com/2010/10/abraham-and-job-horite-rulers.html

Monday, October 4, 2010


Abraham and Job: Horite Rulers


Alice C. Linsley


Job was an historical person, as the genealogical information in the Bible makes clear. He was the great grandson of Nahor, Abraham's brother. His maternal grandfather was Nahor's son, Uz the Elder.

According to I Chronicles 1:42, the elder Uz's daughter married Dishan, the Horite. She named their first-born son Uz after her father, according to the cousin bride's naming prerogative.

Uz the Younger was Seir's grandson. Here is Seir's Horite family:



Job was of the clan of Uz. He was a Horite. The Horites were a caste of rulers who controlled the trade routes. Originally, they controlled the major waters systems at a time when the Sahara, Arabia and Mesopotamia were wetter. They were devotees of Horus, who was born miraculously of Hathor-Meri by the overshadowing of the Sun (the Creator's emblem). 

The Horites served as shrine and temple attendants and many were priests who interceded for others and offered sacrifice. Job offered sacrifice daily for the sins of his own family. At the end of the book, God tells Job to pray for his kinsmen Eliphaz, Zophar and Bildad. This is reminiscent of Abraham praying for Abimelech and his whole household (Gen. 20:17,18).

Job's people were associated with the Dedanites and the Temanites. Clearly the author of the book of Job was writing well after Job's time because he ridicules Job and his kin as people from the desolate wilderness who live in the clefts of the valleys and in the caves.  He portrays them as "donkeys braying among the bushes" (Job 30:3-7). This is not how Job himself would have regarded his kin.  We can be fairly certain that the author of Job was not someone who lived in that part of Canaan that was Horite territory.

There is a very old tradition that the God of the Hebrews (haBiru) "came from Teman. This is reflected in Habakkuk 3:3 which states, "God came from Teman, the Holy One from Mount Paran." This is one reason that Frank Moore Cross believes that the God of Israel is the God of the Horites.

Job and his kin dwelt in the hill country of Canaan and built shrines in caves such as at Petra. It is not surprising that Petra reflects Horite beliefs

Horite ruler-priests shaved their heads (Jeremiah 25:23), as was the custom of Horite priests. Esau the Younger had a son named Korah which means shaved one.[1] This suggests that this was a confederation of Horite priestly families. Genesis 36 confirms this, listing Uz's grandson Dedan as a Horite ruler. Here we also find reference to Huz or Husham of the land of Tema (Gen. 36:34).

The people of Uz belonged to a 3-clan Horite confederation.[2] Their kin and allies were the Dedanites and the Temanites. The clan of Teman descended from the elder Esau's son Teman (Gen. 36:11).  The Temanites were known for their wisdom. Job's friend Eliphaz was a Temanite. Jeremiah 49:7 speaks of the wisdom of Teman and verse 8 links the Temanites with the Dedanites. The largest collection of texts in the oldest Arabic script come from Tema and Dedan in the Hijaz. Tema is known by Arabs as Taima and lies about 70 miles north-east of Dedan. Tema, Dedan and Dumah were caravan stops along the trade route from Sheba to Babylon.
According to Genesis 10:7, Dedan the Elder was descended from Kush, the son of Ham. According to Genesis 25:3, Dedan the Younger was a descendant of Abraham and his cousin wife, Keturah. Dedan's father was Abraham's first-born son Joktan. Isaiah 21:13 speaks of the "caravans of Dedanites" in Arabia, and Ezekiel 27:20 speaks of Dedan as supplying Tyre with precious things. Dedan is associated with Uz in the hill country of Edom, Job's homeland.  This is Uz the Elder, son of Nahor, whose grandson (by his daughter) was Uz, the son of Dishan, shown in diagram above.

NOTES

1. Moses had a half-brother named Korah. (See Moses' family diagram below.) Shaving the body was the custom for Horite priests in Egypt. See Biblical Archaeology Review, July/August 2007, p.37. According to Numbers 26, Korah's claim to be the ruler was supported by the Hanochites (descendents of Nok through Jacob's first-born son Reuben). The diagram below shows the typical marriage pattern of Horite rulers. Amram had two wives. One was a half-sister (Jochebed) and the other was either a patrilineal cousin or niece (Ishar).


2. The Horite confederation is not identified as Uz, Huz and Buz, but rather as Dedan, Tema and Buz.


Related reading: The Calling of AbrahamThe Horite Ancestry of Jesus ChristPetra Reflects Horite Beliefs; Etymology of the Word Horite; Who Were the Horites?; The Afro-Arabian Dedanites; Job's Friends and Their Contribution to the Message of Job

Comments

  1. Great information, so many times you read Job, and the comments of some are that it's a great book of faith, however it's probably a story of a not real person. I needed this study today.. Awesome, thanks

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Here are some books I've been reading lately:
  • Hacker: The Outlaw Chronicles (here) by Ted Dekker (Author). The story of a young Hacker girl, who went on a wild adventure into the supernatural realm beyond trying to save her mom, but saved her self too in the process.
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